“Know from whence you came. If you know whence you came, there are absolutely no limitations to where you can go.”― James Baldwin
Physiological Testing is the starting point for developing a conditioning program specific to the athlete and their sport. Testing identifies the athlete’s physiological strengths and weaknesses, and reveals their stress management skills and strategies.
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A Baseline Physiological Test and a Re-Test both include:
- Heart Rate Deflection (i.e. aerobic and anaerobic threshold identification);
- Capnography (i.e. evaluation of respiration at rest, and under training stress);
- A detailed report including a basic introduction to exercise physiology and the principles of physiological change (i.e. training for health, function, and performance), heart rate and capnography charts, training recommendations;
- A follow up meeting to review the report, discuss application of training recommendations, as well as a review of health precautions/risks identified during testing.
Each test requires approximately 45-60mins to complete. The follow up meeting is booked for a separate day, usually a week after testing to provide time for analysis and documentation.
Testing is sport specific in order to have relevant and applicable data for training. Running tests are performed on a treadmill at TAC’s partner testing facility or the athlete’s home if they have a treadmill. Cycling tests are performed using the athlete’s bike and a stationary trainer setup either at the The Athlete’s Cloud Training Centre or the athlete’s home.
Heart Rate Deflection
Effective training programs balance load with rest and recovery. To develop appropriate training programs with this balance, ongoing evaluation of the athlete’s physiological capacity is required. Without testing, athletes and coaches default to a strategy of ‘hoping’ that training is appropriate, neither inadequate nor excessive.
Heart Rate [HR] Deflection tests are available both for cycling and running. Testing is specific to each sport as thresholds are not necessarily consistent across sports for an athlete. Athletes seeking specific training zones specific to each sport must be tested separately for each sport
HR Deflection requires that the athlete supply their own heart rate monitor.
HR Deflection testing is performed simultaneously with Capnography.
Capnography (End Tidal Carbon Dioxide / ETCO2)
Capnography is used to evaluate breathing: its rate, pattern, and carbon dioxide (CO2) concentration at rest and under stress conditions (e.g. exercise). Performance of any endurance sport is dependent non only overall conditioning, but also on an athlete’s ability to maintain proper breathing irrespective of effort, intensity, and stress. It is an athlete’s ability to sustain aerobic effort longer than their competitors which will set them apart in competition. Improper breathing not only limits performance, it is often the limiting aspect of athletic potential. Since the diaphragm alone can consume as much as 15% of all oxygen under stress conditions, peak performance is entirely dependent on proper breathing.
Capnography can be performed as a stand-alone test or in conjunction with HR deflection testing to obtain a comprehensive assessment of the athlete’s abilities, allowing development of a training program which encompasses not only sport specific training, but also provides for appropriate flexibility, stamina, and breathing retraining recommendations to be made.